Butedale (53 ̊09'00" 128 ̊42'00" NE side of Princess Royal I), Butedale Passage (53 ̊10'00" 128 ̊40'00" S end of Fraser Reach, between Work I and Princess Royal I). John and Peter Wallace were natives of the Isle of Arran, just SW of the Isle of Bute. They immigrated to Astoria in the 1880s and, after spending time in the Columbia R sturgeon business, moved to BC, formed Wallace Bros Fisheries Ltd and became successful curers and canners of salmon. They went their separate ways in 1910 but remained in the canning industry. John sold his Nass Bay Arrandale operation in 1911 and immediately built a cannery on Princess Royal I that he called Butedale, thus commemorating both the Scottish islands he had known best as a child. The Canadian Fishing Co acquired Butedale in 1923, enlarged it and added cold-storage and reduction plants before closing the cannery in 1950 and the reduction facility in 1962. The site continued as a supply centre for passing vessels until the mid-1980s but grew increasingly derelict. New owners were attempting to revitalize the ruins in the early 2000s. The Haisla First Nation name for Butedale, according to anthropologist Jay Powell, is C’idexs, which means “diarrhea” and likely refers to the consequences of overindulging in the area’s abundant berries. Nearby Butedale Ck, Butedale Falls and Butedale Lk are all named after the cannery. E

Aerial view of Butedale cannery in the mid-1930s. Author’s collection