Acknowledgements


02: The Physical Ocean by Richard Thomson
04: The Invertebrate and Marine Plants by Rick Harbo
05: The Fishes by Richard Beamish
06: The Marine Mammals by Andrew Trites
07: The Coastal Birds by Douglas Bertram
10: The History of the Fisheries by Gordon McFarlane and Jacquelynne King

 

02: The Physical Ocean by Richard Thomson

I received generous support from a number of people when writing this chapter. Patricia Kimber of Tango Design was instrumental in preparing the figures. The water property distributions in figures 21 and 22 were expertly generated by Cynthia Wright of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Institute of Ocean Sciences (IOS) with the help of Maxim Krassovski (IOS). I am grateful to Michael Foreman (IOS) for figures 7, 8 and 11 created from his state-of-the-art numerical tidal model, and to Richard Dewey of the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences at the University of Victoria for turning output from Foreman’s model into the current velocity maps in figure 8. Figure 10 was kindly provided by Leslie Brown and Gary Borstad of ASL Environmental Sciences Ltd. based on NOAA satellite data. Figure 26 was the creative work of Roy Hourston of IOS. Diane Masson (IOS) graciously provided figures 12 and 24 from her recent scientific publications and Rich Pawlowicz generously permitted me to use the internal wave picture from his website at the Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences at the University of British Columbia (figure 20). Figure 33 was specially produced for this chapter by Josef Cherniawsky (IOS) using his numerical model of a future tsunami generated by a megathrust earthquake along the Cascadia Subduction Zone. Much of the information on British Columbia storm surges was provided by Scott Tinis (IOS). Lastly, I thank the editors, Richard Beamish and Sandy McFarlane, for encouraging me to write this chapter and Michael Foreman for his most valuable review of the manuscript.

 

04: The Invertebrate and Marine Plants by Rick Harbo

Thank you to the many experts, my dive buddies and colleagues who generously shared their time, knowledge and advice over the years. Special thanks to my wife, Heather, for her helpful editing suggestions and for sharing many experiences, along with our children Jennifer, Michael and Amy, on the waters and beaches of the Strait of Georgia.

 

05: The Fishes by Richard Beamish

Many people helped produce this chapter and much of the material comes from publications that are listed below as further reading. The black and white drawings were obtained from the book Pacific Fishes of Canada with permission, but a number of these images were provided by Catherine Mecklenburg and her husband, Anthony Mecklenburg. Several figures were provided by Tyler Stitt and colour images were provided by the individuals acknowledged on each image. Joy Wade also helped with the research. Most of the pelagic trawl catches were from cruises on the CCGS W.E. Ricker under the supervision of Rusty Sweeting and through the experience of the captains and crew. Catch data from the Strait of Georgia were provided by Jackie King, Greg Workman, Dennis Rutherford and Graham Gillespie. I benefited from discussions with Graham Gillespie about the various species that included information of past studies. Chrys Neville and Krista Lange also helped collect data and specimens. The Pacific Biological Station Library was essential, including its librarians, Gordon Miller and George Pattern, who were always available to help. It was most fortunate that I was able to complete this chapter before the library was closed. Jeff Marliave reviewed the material on sculpins; Jeff Fargo reviewed the section on flatfishes; and Lynne Yamanaka reviewed the material on rockfishes. Keith Ketchen reviewed the chapter and Patricia Fraser helped to make the text more readable and less technical. Lana Fitzpatrick produced the numerous drafts, scanned the images, found references and ensured that the effort was organized and efficient. I very much appreciate the help of everyone, but it was Lana who kept this project on track. Some financial support was needed as well as an agreement that the work could be done. Sue Farlinger, Wendy Watson Wright, Ted Perry, Brian Riddell and Mark Saunders provided this help. Brian Riddell and the Pacific Salmon Foundation supported all efforts to produce this and other chapters. A large number of references were used without citation as the chapter is written for the general public. Some references are listed under Further Reading, but there are many more that were used.

 

06: The Marine Mammals by Andrew Trites

The knowledge about marine mammals in the Strait of Georgia comes from the patient and dedicated observations of many students, professors and research scientists from Fisheries and Oceans Canada, the US National Marine Fisheries Service, the University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University, the University of Victoria and the Vancouver Aquarium, as well as from a number of independent biologists. Observations from mariners and the whale-watching industry have also contributed significantly to this growing body of knowledge. It is a collective curiosity and passion for discovery that has provided the glimpses and insights into the cryptic lives of the marine mammals that live here—and it is this same quest for knowledge that will ensure that even more is learned about them in the coming years.

 

07: The Coastal Birds by Douglas Bertram

Reference materials such as Birds of British Columbia (Campbell et al. 1990) and Birds of Southwestern British Columbia (Cannings et al. 2005) were consulted heavily in the preparation of this chapter. Long-term studies and monitoring efforts by the Canadian Wildlife Service have been augmented by collaborative research agreements with the Centre for Wildlife Ecology at Simon Fraser University and the Centre for Applied Conservation Research at the University of British Columbia, and much recent information was obtained from scientists and students affiliated with those groups. Participants at the Salish Sea Ecosystem Symposium at the Pacific Seabird Group meeting in 2009, together with participants in the 2011 and 2014 sessions on marine birds and mammals at the Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference are deserving of particular thanks. I am grateful to many for their assistance with this work. It was tough to write this chapter without formal citations of the vital research and observations made by the people listed below. I thank them all for the use of their research, insights and observations: Karel Allard, Eric Anderson, Peter Arcese, Pat Baird, Sandi Bertram, Louise Blight, Jenifer Boldt, John Bower, W. Sean Boyd, Andre Breault, Alan Burger, Rob Butler, Wayne Campbell, Dick Cannings, Jon Chamberlain, Trudy Chatwin, James Clowater, Steve Colwell, Fred Cooke, Peter Davidson, Michaela Davis, Neil Dawe, John Dower, Rudy Drent, Mark Drever, John Elliot, Kyle Elliot, Bob Elner, Dan Esler, Andrew Fabro, Deborah Faust, Kerry Finley, Samantha Franks, Moira Galbraith, Tony Gaston, Todd Golumbia, Charles Guiget, Doug Hay, Mark Hipfner, Brett Hudson, Michael Janssen, Gary Kaiser, Elsie Krebs, Dov Lank, Moira Lemon, Erika Lok, Christie MacDonald, Dave Mackas, Laura McFarlane-Tranquilla, Guy Monty, Kathleen Moore, Ken Morgan, Ryan Norris, Patrick O’Hara, Scott Pearson, Heidi Regehr, Don and Kathy Richards, Mike Rodway, Krista Royle, John Ryder, Bernard Schroeder, Jake Schweigert, Connie Smith, John Takekawa, Tom Therriault, Ross Vennesland, Kees Vermeer, Ignacio Vilchis, Scott Wilson, and Ron Ydenberg. Great photographs of coastal birds were taken by Peter Arcese, Dick and Ann Beamish, W. Sean Boyd, Terry Carr, Kristin Charleton, Trudy Chatwin, James Clowater, Jenna Cragg, Mike Cunnington, Jukka Jantunen, Norman Holmes, Suzanne Huot, Jason Otto, Gerald Romanchuk, Anne Vallée (via Peter Arcese), Joy Wade, and Mike Yip. Shelagh Bucknell helped format the early manuscript.

 

10: The History of the Fisheries by Gordon McFarlane and Jacquelynne King

Jackie Detering and Vanessa Hodes helped immensely with the literature reviews. Catch data were provided by Jake Schweigert, Graham Gillespie, Maria Surry and Chrys Neville. Keith Ketchen reviewed and provided helpful comments on an earlier draft of the chapter. As in other chapters in the book, a large number of references were used without citation as the chapter is written for the general public. Some references are listed under Further Reading, but there are many more that were used.