Barnard, Francis Stillman

BARNARD, Francis Stillman, businessman/politician, lt gov 1914–19 (b 16 May 1856, Toronto; d 11 Apr 1936, Victoria). He was brought west to the CARIBOO in 1861 by his father, Francis Jones BARNARD, who ran a stage line between the Lower Mainland and the Interior. The younger Barnard was educated in VICTORIA and London, ON, then returned to BC and took control of the family business when his father suffered a disabling stroke in 1880. He expanded his business investments into steamboats, land development, MINING, ranching and STREET RAILWAYS to become one of the wealthiest men in the province. In 1897 he was one of the founders of the BC ELECTRIC RWY CO and became its first managing director. A member of Victoria city council from 1886 to 1887, he was a CONSERVATIVE MP for the Cariboo from 1888 to 1896. He continued to be an active Conservative behind the scenes and it was no surprise when he became LT GOV on 17 Dec 1914. Anti-German sentiment was strong, especially after several Victorians died in the sinking of the Lusitania in May 1915, and an angry mob marched on Government House because Barnard's wife, Martha Loewen, was a member of a German family. Troops were called out, but feelings cooled and Barnard served out his term as a popular lt gov. He was knighted in 1919, the same year he retired from office.