Metro Vancouver

METRO VANCOUVER (formerly the Greater Vancouver Regional District) is one of 28 regional governments created in 1967 to coordinate local services to Lower Mainland municipalities. It now encompasses 22 municipalities, 1 treaty First Nation and 1 electoral district with a total population of 2.3 million and a total area of 282,000 ha. Metro includes ANMORE, BELCARRA, BOWEN ISLAND, BURNABY, COQUITLAM, DELTA, LANGLEY city and township, LIONS BAY, MAPLE RIDGE, NEW WESTMINSTER, N VANCOUVER city and district, PITT MEADOWS, PORT COQUITLAM, PORT MOODY, RICHMOND, SURREY, TSAWWASSEN, VANCOUVER, W VANCOUVER and WHITE ROCK. Its responsibilities include land use management, solid waste and air quality management, regional parks, regional housing, drinking water quality and distribution, collection and treatment of waste water, and the 911 emergency phone system. The board of directors consists of representatives from each of the elected local councils; the electoral district elects its director separately. In 2009 the GVRD operating budget was $543.4 million. The name was changed from Greater Vancouver Regional District to Metro Vancouver in 2007.