Tofino Chapter 15 notes

The Japanese - Notes on Sources


Alma Sloman re Japanese fishermen, Alberni Valley Times, August 31,1976.

Descriptions of how the Japanese fished come mostly from interviews with and articles about Johnny Madokoro. See particularly Nikkei Images, Spring 2006, and Kenneth Howes’s article in The Westcoast Fisherman, June 1995.

Masako Fukawa’s Spirit of Nikkei Fleet was an invaluable resource in this chapter, also her conversation with Margaret Horsfield.

Several editions of Nikkei Images have been extremely helpful in this chapter, particularly Dennis Madokoro’s transcriptions of interviews with his parents, Mary Madokoro, and Yoshio (Johnny) Madokoro. See “Mary Miki Madokoro (nee Kimoto)” Parts 1 – 3, Family History Series No. 7, Nikkei Images, Summer, Autumn and Winter 2007 and “Yoshio Johnny Madokoro” Parts 1 – 3, Family History Series No. 5, Nikkei Images, Spring, Summer and Winter 2006. See also Midge Ayukawa and Edward Arnet’s article, “Early Japanese Canadian Community in Tofino,” Nikkei Images, Vol. 7, No 4, Winter 2002.

For information on Japanese fishing licences see Ken Adachi, The Enemy that Never Was, also

“by 1901 Japanese fishermen...,” Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was.

Father Charles Moser’s account of the Shinanu Maru appears in his diary.

“In 1907...,” statistics on immigration from Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was.

“By 1921…,” statistics from Jean Barman, The West Beyond The West.

“How rinky-dinky…,” Johnny Madokoro quoted in Bossin, Settling Clayoquot.

Information about the South Bay Japanese community, from Walter Guppy, Clayoquot Soundings, Anthony Guppy, Tofino Kid. John Grice’s probate files show that in 1934 he still owned the land occupied by the Japanese in South Bay.

Tommy Kimoto quotations, Bossin, Settling Clayoquot.

Quotations from Mary Kimoto and her memory of the Clayoquot school song, from Nikkei Images.

Quotations from Marguerite Robertson come from her interview with Margaret Horsfield.

Information about Clayoquot School concerning attendance and teachers comes from Annual Schools Reports, BC Archives.

For more on Henry Hansen’s suicide and Leach’s murder, see Guppy, Tofino Kid and Abraham, Lone Cone.

“Only non-Indian to be permitted in Tofino [Opitsaht] at that time.” from Masako Fukawa’s Nikkei Fishermen on the BC Coast: Their biographies and Photographs.

“shiny wobbler” description, see Howes’s article on Johnny Madokoro in West Coast Fisherman, June 1995.

Details of making kamaboko in Tofino and at Clayoquot, see Larry Maekawa, “Mrs Okada’s Kamaboko Factory on Clayoquot Island,” Nikkei Images. Vancouver, Winter 2001.

Mike Hamilton’s comments on his Japanese customers appear in his unpublished memoirs.



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