Tofino Chapter 22 notes

The Emerging Scene - Notes on Sources


“It’s simply not acceptable…”Josie Osborne quotation from‎

For information on Ty Histanis development see

For more on the mud flats, see M. Eggen, S. Diggon and A. Mason, “Tofino Mudflats Wildlife Management Plan.” 2001.

For more on treaty-making in BC see Christopher McKee, Treaty Talks in British Columbia: Negotiating a Mutually Beneficial Future and Andrew Woolford, Between Justice and Certainty: Treaty Making in British Columbia. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005.

See BC Treaty Commission for details on treaty processes,; also Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development, Treaties and Self Government in British Columbia,; Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations Treaty web page

“We want to govern our own people…” Chief Earl Maquinna George, recollecting and assessing earlier land negotiations in his 2003 book, Living on the Edge.

For details on aboriginal title and the Nisga’a case, see Woolford, Between Justice and Certainty: Treaty Making in British Columbia.

For details on the Maa-nulth treaty, see Maanulth_final_intial_Dec06.pdf‎

Ahousaht opposition to Catface Development see:

Re Fandora Mine: see Larry Pinn, Vancouver Sun, August 26, 2013; Wendy Stueck, Globe and Mail, August 27, 2013; Andrew Bailey, Westerly News, August 29, 2013.

“The decision of the Supreme Court…” Deb Foxcroft quoted by CBC News January 30, 2014.
Peter Webster’s columns in The Westerly: see particularly March 12, 1986, and October 30, 1985.

“Education is the new whale…” news/new-high-school-opens-in-ahousat-1.187824#sthash.jDK1xxsT.dpuf

For Tribal Parks see

Maaqtusiis Stewardship and Forestry organizations, see

For information about the Statements to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, Sharing Circle: Most public statements made to the Commission appear on TRC’s webcast site, organised by date:

Testimony from former students of Christie and Ahousat Schools (among other schools) was provided on the following dates:
February 27-28, 2012, Port Hardy
March 1-2, 2012, Campbell River
March 12-13, 2012, Port Alberni
March 15-16, 2012, Victoria
April 13-14, 2012, Victoria Regional Event

See particularly the following testimonies, several of which are cited in the book:
Cliff Atleo, Port Alberni, March 12, 2012
Pat Charleson, Port Alberni, March 12, 2012
Tom Curley, Port Alberni, March 12, 2012
Violet George, Port Alberni, April 13, 2012
Archie Little, Victoria, April 13, 2012
Harold Lucas, Victoria, April 14, 2012
Simon Lucas, Port Alberni, March 12, 2012
Matthew Williams, Port Alberni, March 12, 2012.

For Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s apology to residential school survivors see Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development, Statement of Apology, June 11, 2008.

For details of the Lady Washington event at Opitsat and William Twombly’s apology to the Tla-o-qui-aht, see “Fur Trader’s descendant apologize to BC Indians,” Seattle Times, July 18, 2005.

For Ida Chong’s comments at the feast of reconciliation with the Hesquiaht, see



[Back to Chapter 22] [Back to Notes on Sources Table of Contents]