List of Species with Authorities


This list contains all of the scientific names mentioned in this guide, including names of non-seaweeds. Where a seaweed has undergone a recent name change or there is a conflict as to which is the proper name, we have listed both the new and old names (e.g., Aegagropila was Cladophora) so that the reader can recognize organisms described in the older literature. When the full species name or binomial is used, the author in parentheses first described the species and the author named next is responsible for the species’ present taxonomic position. For example, “Acrosiphonia arcta (Dillwyn) Gain” tells us that the green rope A. arcta was first described by Dillwyn and later placed in its present taxonomic position by Gain. This information is crucial for tracking species from their original description to present status. It is also useful in clarifying situations where the binomial has been misused.

 

Acrosiphoniaarcta (Dillwyn) Gain

Acrosiphonia coalita (Ruprecht) Scagel, Garbary, Golden & M.W. Hawkes

Acrosiphonia duriuscula (Ruprecht) Yendo

Aegagropila linnaei Kützing (formerly Cladophora aegagropila)

Ahnfeltia fastigiata (Postels & Ruprecht) Makiendo

Ahnfeltiopsis leptophylla (J.G. Agardh) P.C. Silva & T.C. DeCew

Ahnfeltiopsis linearis (C. Agardh) P.C. Silva & T.C. DeCew

Alaria marginata Postels & Ruprecht

Analipus japonicus (Harvey) Wynne

Anthopleura (sea anemone)

Antithamnionella pacifica (Harvey) E.M. Wollaston

Antithamnionella spirographidis (Schiffner) E.M. Wollaston

Asterocolax gardneri (Setchell) Feldmann & G. Feldmann

Aureophycus aleuticus H.Kawai, T.Hanyuda, Lindeberg & S.C.Lindstrom

 

Bangia sensu Lyngbye

Battersiaplumigera (Holmes ex Hauck) Draisma, Prud'homme & H. Kawai

Battersia racemosa (Greville) Draisma, Prud'homme & H.Kawai [formerly Sphacelaria]

Bossiella californica (Decaisne) P.C. Silva

Bossiellachiloensis (Decaisne) H.W. Johansen

Bossielladichotoma (Manza) P.C. Silva

Bossiellaorbigniana (Decaisne) P.C. Silva

Bossiellafrondescens (Postels & Ruprecht) E.Y.Dawson [formerly Corallina frondescens]

Bossiellaplumosa (Manza) P.C. Silva

Bryopsis corticulans Setchell

Bryopsis hypnoides J.V. Lamouroux

Bryopsis plumosa (Hudson) C. Agardh

 

Cakileedentula (Bigelow) Hooker

Calliarthron tuberculosum (Postels & Ruprecht) E.Y. Dawson

Calliarthron cheilosporioides Manza

Callithamnion acutum Kylin

Callithamnion biseriatum Kylin

Callithamnion bisporum N.L. Gardner

Callithamnion pikeanum Harvey

Callithamnion rupicola C.L. Anderson

Callophyllis crenulata Setchell

Callophyllis edentata Kylin

Callophyllis flabellulata Harvey

Callophyllis heanophylla Setchell

Callophyllis schneideri Clarkston & G.W. Saunders

Ceramium californicum J.G. Agardh

Ceramium codicola J.G. Agardh

Ceramium pacificum (Collins) Kylin

Chaetomorpha Kützing

‘Chlorochytrium’ sensu Cohn

Chondracanthus canaliculatus (Harvey) Guiry

Chondracanthus corymbiferus (Kützing) Guiry

Chondracanthus exasperatus (Harvey & Bailey) Hughey

Chondrus

Cladophoraaegagropila (Linnaeus) Rabenhorst

‘Codiolum’ sensu A. Braun

Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot

Codiumritteri Setchell & N.L. Gardner

Codium setchellii N.L. Gardner

Coilodesme bulligera Strömfelt

Coilodesme californica (Ruprecht) Kjellman

Coilodesmeplana Hollenberg & I.A. Abbott

‘Colpomenia bullosa’ sensu (D.A.Saunders) Yamada

‘Colpomenia peregrina’ sensu (Sauvageau) Hamel

Constantinea rosa-marina (Gmelin) Postels & Ruprecht

Constantinea simplex Setchell

Constantinea subulifera Setchell

Corallina caespitosa R.H. Walker, J.Brodie & L.M. Irvine

Corallina officinalis var. chilensis (Decaisne) Kützing

Corallina vancouveriensis Yendo

Costaria costata (C.A. Agardh) Saunders

Cruoria profunda E.Y. Dawson

Cryptochiton stelleri Middendorf

Cryptopleura ruprechtiana (J. Agardh) Kylin

Cryptosiphonia woodii (J.G. Agardh) J.G. Agardh

Cumagloia andersonii (Farlow) Setchell

Cumathamniondecipiens (J.G. Agardh) M.J. Wynne & G.W. Saunders [formerly Delesseria decipiens]

Cymathaere triplicata (Postels & Ruprecht) J.G. Agardh

 

Derbesia marina (Lyngbye) Solier

Desmarestia aculeata (Linnaeus) J.V. Lamouroux

Desmarestia dudresnayi subspecies foliaceae (V.A.Pease) A.F.Peters, E.C.Yang, F.C. Küpper & Prud'Homme van Reine [formerly D. foliacea]

Desmarestia herbacea (Turner) J.V. Lamouroux [formerly (formerly D. munda]

Desmarestia kurilensis Yamada

Desmarestia ligulata (Lightfoot) Lamouroux

Desmarestia viridis (O.F. Müller) J.V. Lamouroux

Dictyoneurum californicum Ruprecht

Dictyoneurum reticulatum (De A. Saunders) P.C. Silva [formerly Dictyoneuropsis reticulata]

Dictyota binghamiae J.G. Agardh

Dictyota coriacea (Holmes) I.K.Wang, H.-S.Kim & W.J.Lee [formerly Pachydictyon coriaceum]

 

Ecklonia arborea (Areschoug) M.D.Rothman, Mattio & J.J.Bolton [formerly Eisenia arborea]

Ectocarpuscommensalis Setchell & N.L. Gardner

Ectocarpusfasciculatus Harvey

Ectocarpus siliculosus (Dillwyn) Lyngbye

Egregia menziesii (Turner) Areschoug

Elachista fucicola (Velley) Areschoug [contains the now defunct E. lubrica]

Elliptochloris marina Letsch

Endocladia muricata (Postels & Ruprecht) J.G. Agardh

Erythrophyllum delesserioides J.G. Agardh

Erythrophyllum splendens Doty

Eualaria fistulosa (Postels & Ruprecht) M.J.Wynne [formerly Alaria fistulosa and Druehlia fistulosa]

 

Fragaria chiloensis (Linnaeus) Miller

Fredericqia decewii C.A. Maggs, L. Le Gall, F. Mineur, J. Provan & G.W. Saunders [formerly Ahnfeltiopsis gigartinoides]

Fucus distichus Linnaeus [formerly F. gardneri]

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus

 

Gelidium coulteri Harvey

Gelidium purpurascens N.L. Gardner

Gigartina

Glehnia littoralis subspecies leiocarpa (Mathias) Hultén

Gloiopeltis furcata (Postels & Ruprecht) J.G. Agardh

Gonimophyllum Batters

Gracilaria pacifica Abbott

Gracilaria robusta Setchell

Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Ohmi) Papenfuss

Gracilariophila Setchell & H.L. Wilson

Gracilariopsis andersonii (Grunow) E.Y. Dawson

 

Halosaccion glandiforme (Gmelin) Ruprecht

Hapterophycus Setchell & N.L. Gardner

Harveyella mirabilis F.Schmitz & Reinke

Hesperophycus californicus P.C. Silva [formerly H. harveyanus]

Hildenbrandiaoccidentalis Setchell

Hildenbrandiarubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini

Hymenena flabelligera (J. Agardh) Kylin

Hymenena multiloba (J. Agardh) Kylin

 

Iridaea

 

Janczewskia Solms-Laubach

Johansenia macmillanii K.R. Hind & G.W. Saunders

Johnson-sea-linkia profunda Eiseman & S.A. Earle

 

Kornmannialeptoderma (Kjellman) Bliding

 

Lathyrus japonicus var. maritimus (Linnaeus) Kartesz & Gandhi

Laminaria ephemera Setchell

Laminaria farlowii Setchell

Laminaria longipes Bory

Laminaria setchellii P.C. Silva

Laminaria sinclairii (Harvey ex J.D. Hooker & Harvey) Farlow, Anderson & Eaton

Laminaria yezoensis Miyabe

Laurencia

Leachiella pacifica Kugrens

Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne [formerly L. difformis]

Lessoniopsis littoralis (Tilden) Reinke

 

Macrocystis pyrifera (Linnaeus) C.A. Agardh [formerly M. integrifolia and M. angustifolia]

Mastocarpus alaskensis S.C. Lindstrom, Hughey & Martone

Mastocarpus jardinii (J.G. Agardh) J.A. West

Mastocarpus intermedius S.C. Lindstrom, Hughey & Martone

Mastocarpus pachenicus L. Le Gall & G.W. Saunders

Mastocarpus papillatus (C.A. Agardh) Kutzing

Mastocarpus vancouveriensis S.C. Lindstrom, Hughey & Martone

Mazzaella affinis (Harvey) S. Fredericq

Mazzaella dewreedei G.W. Saunders K.R. Millar

Mazzaella japonica [Mikami] Hommersand

Mazzaella linearis (Setchell & Gardner) Fredericq

Mazzaella parksii (Setchell & N.L. Gardner) J.R. Hughey, P.C. Silva & M.H. Hommersand ]formerly known as M. cornucopiae]

Mazzaella splendens (Setchell & Gardner) Fredericq

Melanosiphon intestinalis (De A. Saunders) M.J. Wynne [formerly Myelophycus intestinalis]

Melobesia marginata Setchell & Foslie

Melobesia mediocris (Foslie) Setchell & L.R. Mason

Mesophyllum conchatum (Setchell & Foslie) W.H. Adey

Mesophyllum crassiusculum (Foslie) Lebednik

Mesophyllum lamellatum (Setchell & Foslie) W.H. Adey

Mesophyllum vancouveriense (Foslie) Steneck & R.T. Paine

Microcladia borealis Ruprecht

Microcladia coulteri Harvey

Monostroma Thuret

Myelophycus intestinalis De A. Saunders

 

Nemalionvermiculare Suringar [formerly N. helminthoides]

Neogastroclonium subarticulatum (Turner) L.Le Gall, Dalen & G.W.Saunders [formerly Gastroclonium subarticulatum]

Neorhodomela aculeata (Perestenko) Masuda

Neorhodomela larix (Turner) Masuda

Neorhodomela oregona (Doty) Masuda

Nereocystis luetkeana (Mertens) Postels & Ruprecht

 

Odonthalia floccosa (Esper) Falkenberg

Odonthalia kamtschatica (Ruprecht) J.G. Agardh

Odonthalia lyallii (Harvey) J.G. Agardh

Odonthalia setacea (Ruprecht) Perestenko

Odonthalia washingtoniensis Kylin

Opuntia Miller (a cactus)

Opuntiella californica (Farlow) Kylin

Osmunda Linnaeus (a fern)

Osmundea spectabilis (Postels & Ruprecht) Nam [formerly Laurencia]

 

Palmaria callophylloides M.W. Hawkes & Scagel

Palmaria hecatensis M.W. Hawkes

Palmaria mollis (Setchell & N.L. Gardner) van der Meer & C.J. Bird

Pelvetiopsis limitata (Setchell) N.L. Gardner

Petalonia fascia (O.F. Müller) Kuntze

Phaeostrophion irregulare Setchell & N.L. Gardner

Phyllospadix scouleri W.J. Hooker

Phyllospadix serrulatus Ruprecht ex Ascherson

Phyllospadix torreyi S. Watson

Pleurophycus gardneri Setchell & Saunders ex Tilden

Plocamiocolax pulvinata Setchell

Plocamiumoregonum Doty

Plocamium pacificum Kylin

Plocamium violaceum Farlow

Polyneura latissima (Harvey) Kylin

Polysiphonia hendryi N.L. Gardner

Polysiphonia pacifica Hollenberg

Porphyra C. Agardh

Postelsia palmaeformis Ruprecht

Prasiola borealis M. Reed

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing

Prasiola delicata Setchell & N.L. Gardner

Prasiola linearis C.-C. Jao

Prasiola meridonalis Setchell & Gardner

Prionitis lanceolata (Harvey) Harvey

Prionitis sternbergii (C. Agardh) J.G. Agardh [formerly P. lyallii]

Pseudolithophyllum muricatum (Foslie) Steneck & R.T. Paine

Pterosiphonia baileyi (Harvey) Falkenberg

Pterosiphonia dendroidea (Montagne) Falkenberg

Pterygophora californica Ruprecht

Punctaria Greville

Pylaiella littoralis (Linnaeus)

Pyropia C. Agardh

Pyropiayezoensis (Ueda) M.S.Hwang & H.G.Choi

 

Ralfsia ‘californica’ sensu Setchell & N.L. Gardner

Ralfsia confusa Hollenberg

Ralfsia fungiformis (Gunnerus) Setchell & N.L. Gardner

Ralfsia hesperia Setchell & N.L. Gardner

Ralfsia pacifica Hollenberg

Rhizoclonium lubricum Setchell & N.L. Gardner) [formerly Lola lubrica]

Rhodymenia californica Kylin

Rhodymenia pacifica Kylin

Rhodymeniocolax Setchell

 

Saccharina dentigera (Kjellman) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders [formerly Laminaria dentigera]

Saccharina druehlii G.W.Saunders & D.C.McDevit

Saccharina groenlandica (Rosenvinge) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders [formerly Laminaria groenlandica]

Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders [formerly Laminaria saccharina]

Saccharina sessilis (C.Agardh) Kuntze [formerly Hedophyllum sessile]

Sarcocornia pacifica (Standley) A.J.Scott [formerly Salicornia]

Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt

Saundersella simplex (De A. Saunders) Kylin

Schizymenia dubyi (Chauvin ex Duby) J. Agardh

Schizymenia pacifica (Kylin) Kylin

Scytosiphon canaliculatus (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) Kogame

Scytosiphon dotyi M.J. Wynne

Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngbye) Link [formerly S. simplicissimus]

Silvetia compressa (J. Agardh) Serrão, Cho, Boo, et Brawley [formerly Pelvetia]

Smithora naiadium (Anderson) Hollenberg

Soranthera ulvoidea Postels & Ruprecht

Sphacelariadidichotoma De Saunders

Sphacelariarigidula Kützing

Spongites tumidum (Foslie) K.A. Miller, P.W. Gabrielson, Miklasz, E. van der Merwe & Maneveldt [formerly Pseudolithophyllum neofarlowii]

Stephanocystis geminata (C.Agardh) Draisma, Ballesteros, F.Rousseau & T.Thibaut [formerly Cystoseira geminata]

Stephanocystis osmundacea (Turner) Trevisan [formerly Cystoseira osmundacea]

 

Tetraselmis ascus Butcher

Tetraselmismarina (Cienkowski) R.E.Norris, Hori & Chihara

 

Ulva californica Wille

Ulva compressa Linnaeus [formerly Enteromorpha compressa]

Ulva intestinalis Linnaeus [formerly Enteromorpha intestinalis]

Ulva “lactuca” Linnaeus [formerly U. fenestrata]

Ulva linza Linnaeus [formerly Enteromorpha linza]

Ulva lobata (Kützing) Harvey

Ulva rigida C. Agardh [formerly U. fenestrata]

Ulva stenophylla Setchell & N.L.Gardner

Ulva taeniata (Setchell) Setchell & N.L.Gardner

Ulvaria obscura (Kützing) Gayral ex Bliding

Ulvariasplendens (Ruprecht) K.L. Vinogradova

Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar

Urospora doliifera (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) Doty

Urospora neglecta (Kornmann) Lokhorst & Trask

Urospora penicilliformis (Roth) Areschoug

Urospora wormskioldii (Mertens ex Hornemann) Rosenvinge

 

Zostera japonica Ascherson & Graebner

Zostera marina Linnaeus