Tofino Chapter 1 notes

The Lay of the Land - Notes on Sources


Alexander Mackie on coastal migration, cited by Richard Mackie and Graeme Wynn, Home Truths: Highlights from BC History.

Estimates of dates of early aboriginal settlements vary, changing as archaeological discoveries continue. Carbon dating of middens indicates habitation at Opitsat dating back at least 2,000 years. The Nuu-chah-nulth Sustainable Development Interest in Clayoquot Sound, a report prepared for the Clayoquot Sound Sustainable Development strategy states there has been aboriginal habitation in Clayoquot Sound for 4200 years, as does Alan D. McMillan, Since the Time of the Transformers.

Estimates of pre-contact First Nations populations vary. We generally cite Wilson Duff, Indian History of British Columbia, and Robert J. Muckle, The First Nations of British Columbia.

Cowichan story of the Cascadia earthquake, see Ruth Ludwin et al, “Dating the 1700 Cascadia Earthquake, Seismological Research Letters, March/April 2005.

For oral history accounts of earlier tsunamis, see Kathryn Bridge, Extraordinary Accounts of Native Life on the West Coast.



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